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Image by Laura Cleffmann


Below you will find patient educational resources including handouts and videos on common conditions seen by our specialists. 

Pterygium Diagram.png


Pterygium is a benign, abnormal, wedge-shaped fleshy growth of conjunctival tissue over part of the cornea (clear window of the front of the eye).

Fuchs Endothelial
Corneal Dystrophy (FECD)

Fuchs Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy (FECD) is a non-inflammatory disease that causes thickening of the cornea (clear window of the front of the eye).

Keratoconus Diagram.png

Keratoconus (KCN)

Keratoconus is a non-inflammatory condition that causes progressive thinning of the central cornea (clear window of the front of the eye).

Anterior Basement Membrane Dystrophy (ABMD)

Anterior Basement Membrane Dystrophy (ABMD) is a common condition that affects the front window of the eye (cornea) where the epithelium corneal layer adheres irregularly.

SK Cornea Layers Diagram.png

Dry Eye Syndrome (DES)

Dry Eye Syndrome occurs when there is a breakdown in the eye's tear film (the natural layer coating the front of the eye).

Image by Petra Sochová CC BY 4.0

Salzmann Nodules

Salzmann's Nodules are elevated lumps that slowly develop in the cornea.

Salzmann Nodules.png
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Refractive Errors

Refractive errors occur when the shape of the eye prevents light from focusing directly on the retina (back of the eye), resulting in blurry vision.


Glaucoma & Lasers



Glaucoma is a multifactorial eye condition that causes progressive peripheral vision loss due to increased eye pressure and optic nerve damage.

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